The Young Turks were a secularist national reform party. They later became officially known as the Committee of Union and Progress. In 1878, Sultan Abdul Hamid II suspended the Turkish Constitution. The Young Turks supported the constitution and wanted a democratic solution to the problems within the Ottoman Empire, which included economic and tax reforms. In addition to the suspended constitution, the Young Turks Revolution took issue with the increased centralized government, the loss of territory, and the assassination or exile that occurred for any that opposed the sultan.
Beginning on July 6, 1908, the Young Turks led a rebellion against the Sultan. This rebellion was later deemed the Young Turks Revolution. The revolution was strongly influenced by the French Revolution and aimed at restoring the Empire's constitution. It is interesting to note that while the revolution mirrored some of the revolutions and written constitutions in Europe, like the French Revolution, it also aimed at dismissing European influences and interference. Foreigners thought little of the rebellion at first, but had to take notice as the revolution grew rapidly.